St. Andrew’s by the Lake
The Reverend Marta Maddy, Vicar
Use the full title: St. Andrew’s by the Lake the first time you use it, just St. Andrew’s is okay for second time and there after. Don’t forget to add the period and the apostrophe.
The same goes for The Reverend Marta Maddy, Vicar. There after you can use The Rev. Marta Maddy, Rev. Marta Maddy, Rev. Maddy or Marta (f Marta sends the article and closes with just her first name).
Mission Hall, Memorial Room: When using either of these words in a sentence they should be capitalized. We will meet in the Mission Hall at 10:30 a.m. tomorrow.
Time of day: Use figures except for noon and midnight. Use a colon to separate hours from minutes: 11:30 a.m., 9-11 a.m., 10:30-2 p.m., and 6 p.m. Never use 12 noon.
Spacing: Use a single space after a period. He said he finished the job on Tuesday. She will return by Tuesday. The sun came out on Wednesday. (two spaces were used when we had to use a typewriter).
Capital Letters: Very rarely (almost never) use all capital letters.
Contractions: Contractions reflect informal speech and writing. Avoid excessive use of contractions and use in informal writing only.
Colons and semicolons: They go outside the quotation marks.
Comma: Use commas to separate elements in a series, but do not put a comma before the conjunction in a simple series: The flag is red, white and blue. He would nominate Tom, Dick or Harry. Use a comma before the concluding conjunction in a complex series of phrases. Commas and periods are always placed inside the quotation marks.
Dash: Use a dash before an author’s or composer’s name at the end of a quotation: “Who steals my purse steals trash.” —Shakespeare.
Hyphen: Hyphens are joiners. Use them to avoid ambiguity or to form a single idea from two or more words. The president will speak to small-business men. Never hyphenate a word in a headline.
Parentheses: In general, use parentheses sparingly. Place a period outside a closing parenthesis if the material inside is not a sentence. (such as this fragment).
Periods: A period is preferable if a statement is more a suggestion than a question: Why don’t we go.
Ordinal numbers: applies to 1st, 2nd, 10th, 101st, first, second, tenth, etc. I do not use the st, nd, th, Their wedding was on the 12 of August. When a person reads it they automatically add the “th” and the word processing program I use, Pages, doesn’t like to use them.
Numbers: Spell out whole numbers below 10, use figures for 10 and above. They had three sons and two daughters. They had a fleet of 10 station wagons and two busses. They had 97 hamsters.
Months: When a phrase lists only a month and a year, do not separate the year with commas. When a phrase refers to a month, day and year set off the year with commas. January 2014 was a cold month. His birthday is May 14, 2014.
Underlining: In general it should be avoided.
If the original material includes a noun or pronoun that is unclear, brackets can be used for clarification. The president stated that he “will not sign the bill they [Republican members of the House] have been talking about.” In his memoirs, the author reveals, “The year we moved into the house  was a difficult one for us, both emotionally and financially.” In many cases, brackets can be avoided by reframing the quotation.
If a quotation includes a foreign word or phrase that might not be understood, provide a translation in brackets. (Use parentheses for translations of unquoted material.) Smith writes in his autobiography: “I seldom spoke in French class. When I did, I usually just said je ne sais pas [I don’t know].”
The Latin term sic, meaning “so” or “thus,” is used to indicate an error or confirm an unusual usage in the original material. Without the sic, a reader might wonder if the error was made by the writer offering the quotation. Note that sic should be italicized, but the brackets containing it should not. The final report indicated that, “pilot error were [sic] the most likely cause of the crash.”
If you suspect, but are not certain of, an error in the original material, a bracketed guess and question mark is appropriate. “The architect appears to have been heavily influenced by the Bacchus [Bauhaus?] style.”
If you use italics to emphasize a portion of the quotation, indicate the change in brackets.
She said she would consider “a very short extension of the deadline, but only under the most extraordinary circumstances [emphasis added].” An alternative approach is to note the emphasis outside the quotation, in parentheses, either as a separate sentence immediately after the sentence containing the quotation:
She said she would consider “a very short extension of the deadline, but only under the most extraordinary circumstances.” (Emphasis added.) or as a parenthetical note added to the end of the sentence containing the quotation:
She said she would consider “a very short extension of the deadline, but only under the most extraordinary circumstances” (emphasis added).
The Associated Press Stylebook 2012
The PC is Not a Typewriter, by Robin William
The Non-Designer’s Design Book, by Robin Williams
Sandra Carlson Updated: July 17, 2017
Official St. Andrews by the Lake logo
PDF of the St Andrews by the Lake logos